Questions about the Mission Set of SR.

Got this online and wanted to ask a few questions:
"Versed in advanced recon techniques, to include weather forecasting and cyber collecting for air and ground assets. Advanced infiltrators and data collectors, providing advanced Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) from the ground."
1. What do they mean and how do they inted for Special Recon to be "Advanced Infiltrators and data collectors providing advanced information"?
2. What exactly would cyber collecting entail? I understand that the weather component would probably be correlating with command on the weather effects in the battle space.
3. Everyone has heard about "Long Range Target Interdiction" which hints at Snipers, I've also watched Brain Silva's interview with an SR guy (can't remember his name) on "How to Be A PJ". The guy on the interview mentioned that there'd be a plain clothes as well as sniper/longe range recon aspect, would this be a regular occurrence in the carrer? Would operators for SR often be on the ground working in this fashion to obtain info on the enemy.
5. Lastly would SR be a Direct Action assest?
 

Yukon

Moderator
Staff member
Operator
Good questions. I don't know the answer. Unlikely to be direct action though.

interdiction — 1. An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capability before it can be used effectively against friendly forces, or to achieve enemy objectives. 2. In support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, under lawful authority, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, cargo, and money. (JP 3-03)
 

SW

Administrator
Staff member
Operator
Some of your questions aren't appropriate to answer on a board like this, such as means of cyber collection. What we can give you is the AFECD description for SR, which might answer some of those details:

1. Specialty Summary. Plans, performs, supervises, and leads Special Reconnaissance (SR) functions of command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C3ISR) to allow for mission planning, special operations mission execution, and application of airpower across the full spectrum of military operations in all geographic and environmental conditions. May be employed alone or as part of an Air Force, joint, interagency, or coalition force, in support of Combatant Commander’s objectives. Capable of rapid deployment during day or night, to any environment, including permissive, hostile, denied, or politically and/or diplomatically sensitive locales. Operates in the six geographic disciplines: mountain, desert, arctic, urban, jungle and water. May operate under austere conditions for extended periods. Conducts Preparation of the Environment (PE) activities utilizing indigenous sources, organic equipment, and remote controlled technology. Integrates SR into Military Decision-Making Processes (MDMP) and Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment (IPOE) channels to maximize combat power.
Related DoD Occupational Subgroup: None.
2. Duties and Responsibilities:
2.1. Plans, coordinates, and conducts Operational Preparation of the Environment (OPE) activities to develop knowledge of the environment, establish, develop, or verify human and physical infrastructure, and perform general target development.
2.2. Plans, organizes, supervises, and establishes Advanced Force Operations (AFO) to develop environment and infrastructure for near-term Direct Action (DA), as well as reception, staging, onward movement, and integration (RSOI) of forces. Refines location of identified targets and performs organic long-range precision engagement and target interdiction.
2.3. Plans, coordinates, conducts, and manages collection, verification, and transmission of time-sensitive reconnaissance and surveillance on activities of actual or potential enemies and enemy assets, routes, potential assault zones, targets, objectives, areas of interest, potential cache sites, recovery corridors, and infrastructure. Utilizes organic sources, and advanced technologies – including indigenous sources, ground based sensors, and unmanned aerial systems (UAS) – to conduct SR. Reports current information relevant to the operating environment.
2.4. Manages, observes, collects, analyzes, tailors, integrates, and transmits meteorological, oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, and space (electronic warfare) environmental information from, permissive, denied, hostile, or sensitive and data-denied areas into military decision-making processes. Alerts combatant commanders of dangerous or inclement terrestrial and space environmental events. Uses detailed understanding of the environment to translate raw data into actionable, decision-quality information.
2.5. Performs tactical mission planning and preparation. Understands special operations tactics, techniques and procedures.
2.6. Deploys into permissive, hostile, denied, or politically and/or diplomatically sensitive environments, and forward operating locations by land (mounted, special purpose vehicle or dismounted), sea (surface or subsurface naval vessel, small watercraft, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus [SCUBA], or surface swim) or air (parachute, airmobile, air-land) to participate in the full spectrum of military operations to include air expeditionary force, special reconnaissance (SR), force projection, direct action (DA), counterinsurgency (COIN), counter narcotic (CN), counterterrorism (CT), countering weapons of mass destruction(CWMD), foreign internal defense (FID), unconventional warfare (UW), security force assistance, humanitarian assistance, hostage rescue and recovery, personnel recovery (PR), noncombatant evacuation operations (NEO), operational and intelligence preparation of the environment (OPE, IPE), advanced force operations (AFO), and fire support operations. Uses demolitions to create or remove obstacles to maneuver and to prepare tactical sites. Maintains qualification on assigned primary, foreign, and crew served weaponry, with emphasis on long-range rifle target interdiction.
3.1. Knowledge. This specialty requires knowledge of: Air Force Special Warfare doctrine and utilization; small arms to include long-range precision engagement and target interdiction equipment, and crew served weaponry; navigation techniques; movement and route selection; infiltration, insertion, extraction, and exfiltration methods; night vision equipment, GPS and other operational equipment; small unit tactics; survival techniques; air operations including parachute procedures and equipment; amphibious and water operations; vehicle operations including mounted and special purpose vehicles; demolition applications; communications and signaling to include tactical cyber applications; antenna theory; reconnaissance and surveillance principles and procedures; photographic documentation; operation and operator maintenance of reconnaissance, surveillance, meteorological, and environmental data collection and communications systems; preparation of the environment, operational preparation of the environment, and advance force operations; intelligence preparation of the operational environment including human intelligence principles and meteorological/oceanographic characteristics; meteorological observation, analysis, and integration of meteorological, oceanographic, hydrologic, geological, and space environment information; use of environmental products from operational and strategic centers; meteorological effects on aircraft flight characteristics; topography, aeronautical charts, and publication use; joint service operations; military weapons systems; mission planning, preparation, and military decision-making processes.

-SW
 
Apologies if this has already been answered - I didn't see it in an initial forum search...

Combat diver qualification being required is a significant change in employment capability from SOWT --> SR. What's the plan for the (I assume) 99%+ of SOWTs who aren't dive qualified? Are they expected to be grandfathered into the career field without that capability, to be sent to CDQC/AFCDC, or to remain in Weather-related careers?

This can obviously be expanded beyond employment to the broader set of skills required of the SR career field that weren't necessary when it was SOWT.
 

Yukon

Moderator
Staff member
Operator
It's a flip of a coin as it depends on how long grandfathering will remain an acceptable option.

Official policy is: When existing AFSCs are revised and new mandatory prerequisites are established, personnel will normally retain their awarded AFSC even if they no longer meet the newly established prerequisites, unless otherwise specified in the conversion guide instruction.

I've not seen or been told of conversion guide of SOW to SR.

Grandfathering is unavoidable as much depends on availability of training slots in the courses and the specialty's opstempo and perstempo. It also depends on how many need to get MFF & Combat Diver qualified My best guess if the SR specialty has 100 to 200 to initially qualify, about 24 months and who knows what the attrition will be.

A full equipment MFF jump at night for a student jumper making perhaps 10th free fall jump is somewhat intimidating.

Decision was made that all pararescue personnel be SCUBA qualified back in 1963, it took almost to 1965 to get those holding the AFSC qual. Once qualified the B shred was used to identify having this qual. There were some medical disqualification attritions during this transition. Before my time and I have not found any stats in the archives.

No more than 8 PJs refused to obtain MFF training and qualification. They were all immediately (within two week of stating refusal to get trained) retrained into new AFSCs. No students once in training SIEed and there were no student failures although it took much personalized training to get a few of the 270 PJs trained and qualified.


The 23rd AF Mobile Training Team was a temporary operational training element from September 1984 to August 1986. Its assigned purpose to train and qualify all USAF pararescuemen to perform military freefall parachuting duties resulted from the recent decision all members of the career field will be qualified and expected to perform freefall parachuting duties.

Accelerated freefall methods of training has students’ progress in gaining ability to fall stable by doing freefall jumps with two instructors or one instructor assisting the student during freefall. The instructor’s responsibility is to help the student if the student has trouble getting stable and to pull the ripcord handle at any time the student appears to be in danger. This necessitates instructors must have the freefall skill ability to control the stability of the student’s fall and to pull the student’s ripcord should the student fail to do so.

Consequently eligibility to be a 23rd AFF/MTT military freefall instructor required the potential instructor to possess a United States Parachute Association D-class expert parachutist license.

During August and September 1984 potential instructors were at Edwards AFB for purpose of being certified as instructors. Concurrently during this period the course and accelerated freefall methods of instruction was assessed and accredited by the Army’s JFK Special Warfare Center as meeting all the requirements and standards of the Army’s Military Freefall Course. All the instructors were certified and the Army agreed all graduates of the course would be recognized graduates of the Army’s Military Freefall course taught at Ft. Bragg.

Working under extremely arduous conditions, 12 to 14 hours daily and separated from families, the cadre trained over 270 pararescuemen and a few other military members of Navy and Air Force in military freefall operations.

The course qualified PJs to perform High Altitude Low Opening parachute jumps and low altitude exits from aircraft, and if time permitted provided a familiarization High Altitude High Opening jump or two. The majority of the jumps were made from altitudes of 13,000 feet above the ground, but depending on availability of airspace jumps were also done from 18,000 feet above the ground and occasionally 25,000 feet above the ground. All jumpers were also required to do a hop-and-pop jump from 3000 feet above the ground. Graduation required successful accomplishment of full equipment jumps during hours of day light and hours of night.

The military freefall instructors were Lt. Colonel Donald Towner, MSgt Robert LaPointe, TSgt Robert Holler, TSgt Bruce Hickson, TSgt John Cassidy, TSgt Tomas Beranek, SSgt L.D. Jefferies, SSgt Mike Perron, SSgt John Geerlings, SSgt Mike Mahoney, SSgt Mark Jefson, SSgt Bill Desola, SSgt Mike O’Dell, SSgt Dave Pickering, SSgt Jeff Christopher, SSgt Kenneth Knutson, Sgt David Walker, and Sgt John Chase.
 

Attachments

SW

Administrator
Staff member
Operator
Apologies if this has already been answered - I didn't see it in an initial forum search...

Combat diver qualification being required is a significant change in employment capability from SOWT --> SR. What's the plan for the (I assume) 99%+ of SOWTs who aren't dive qualified? Are they expected to be grandfathered into the career field without that capability, to be sent to CDQC/AFCDC, or to remain in Weather-related careers?

This can obviously be expanded beyond employment to the broader set of skills required of the SR career field that weren't necessary when it was SOWT.
The guidance given out is this: All transition training – including combat diver – will be at commander discretion by means of supervisory approval.

The combat diver course must include closed-circuit.
 
Custom Text
Top