“It is my duty as a Pararescueman to save life and aid the injured. I will be prepared at all times to perform my duties quickly and efficiently. Placing these duties before personal desires and comforts. These things I do, That Others May Live” – The PJ Creed
What is a PJ?
Whether US Special Operations Command needs a rescue expert for their daring missions or the Air Force needs the DoD’s only dedicated personnel recovery force to get pilots behind enemy lines, they all call on the PJs. No one in the world can do what the PJs do- that’s why they are called on by name for the world’s most dangerous and technical missions around the globe- That Others May Live.
- Static Line and Military Freefall Insertion (HALO & HAHO)
- Helicopter land and water insertion & exfil
- Swiftwater rescue
- Snow, Ice & Avalanche rescue
- Technical Rescue- High & Low Angle (Mountain)
- NASA Contingency Response
- Domestic / Disaster Response (Earthquake/tsunami/hurricane)
- Confined Space and Collapse Structure Rescue and Recovery
- Advanced Weapons Skills and Small Unit Tactics Training
- National Registered Paramedic and Tactical Combat Casualty Care
- Combat Diving and Underwater Search & Recovery
A unique aspect of Pararescue, most often performed by the Air National Guard teams is Civil Search & Rescue (Civil SAR). No other DoD special operations unit is as active in civil operations as Pararescuemen.
PJs units are aggressive in responding to flooding, hurricane and other natural disasters disasters. As experts in helicopter operations, swiftwater, mass casualties, technical extrication and medical care, they are a perfect fit as a lead assistance partner for FEMA and local led operations.
WHEN medical emergencies occur at sea, usually the Coast Guard has the task of response. But when the distance is too great for the Coasties, they call Pararescue. PJs have continually demonstrated they are able to deliver advanced medical care ANYWHERE on the globe at a moments notice.
By parachuting from airplanes into the middle of oceans with their medical equipment and rubber rafts, they can board stricken vessels and aid distressed mariners to save lives when no one else can or will. PJs have performed blood transfusions, performed cricothyrotomys, prolonged ventilator support and escharotomies in the most austere locations imaginable.
The Alaska Air National Guard PJ Team are notably skilled in civil SAR ops. Averaging one rescue per week in the extreme Alaska conditions, the Alaska PJs are known for being some of the best at advanced medical and alpine skills.
Pararescue is rich in history with origins beginning around 1943. Check out the
PJ History page HERE
for info including background papers, Charlie the PJ and the Green Feet Tattoo.
Official Air Force Description and Responsibilities
Air Force Pararescuemen:
Performs, plans, leads, supervises, instructs, and evaluates pararescue activities. Performs as the essential surface, air link in Personnel Recovery (PR) and materiel recovery by functioning as the rescue and recovery specialist on flying status as mission crew or as surface elements.
Provides rapid response capability and operates in the six geographic disciplines: mountain, desert, arctic, urban, jungle and water, day or night, to include friendly, denied, hostile, or sensitive areas. Provides assistance in and performs survival, evasion, resistance, and escape (SERE). Provides emergency trauma and field medical care, and security. Moves
recovered personnel and materiel to safety or friendly control when recovery by aircraft is not possible.
-Performs mission planning and preparation. Studies operation mission requirements. Studies terrain and situation. Organizes and
selects personnel, equipment, and weapons. Rehearses mission plan, makes reconnaissance, conducts back brief, safeguards information,
and loads and configures aircraft. Issues warning order and provides mission plan objective brief.
-Supervises and performs insertion, infiltration, exfiltration, and extraction functions. Conducts flight following, and confirms waypoint passage. Provides enroute emergency trauma and medical care. Provides and performs SERE. Provides recovery zone security and aircraft reception. Performs aerial and surface deployment methods to reach objective area. Uses aerial and surface methods to load and assist in loading objectives. Off-loads and transfers personnel and materiel. Prepares and dons mission and personal equipment.
-Performs inflight duties (if on flying status) to avoid and suppress air and surface threats through scanning, navigation assistance, and
aerial gunnery operations. Performs nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) warfare defense. Provides guidance and input to aircraft
commander for on-scene operations and confirms insertion and extraction points and infiltration and exfiltration methods.
-Performs, supervises, and evaluates surface movement. Navigates on land or water. Performs overt, low visibility, or clandestine
movement in friendly, hostile, denied, or sensitive land and water areas. Conducts surface search, contact, and on-scene authentication.
Designates rally points. Selects bivouac sites. Conducts discrete surface-to-air and surface electronic and visual communications and
signaling activities. Uses firearms and munitions to provide movement security and perform immediate action drills. Directs emergency
close air support (ECAS). Provides reception for resupply operations. Conducts scuba, adverse terrain, and mountain rescue and recovery
operations. Provides on-scene triage and survivor handling. Provides survival and evasion assistance. Provides photographic documentation. Recovers priority aerospace personnel and material.
-Provides intelligence and operations information in debriefings and mission reports.
-Supports the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in recovery of aerospace personnel and materiel. Guides recovery of priority NASA space materiel.
- Successful completion of the Pararescue physical ability and stamina test (PAST)
- ASVAB Score: 44
- Be a U.S. Citizen
- PULHES Score of 111111. (Good write-ups on PULHES are HERE and HERE
- Physical qualification for aircrew, parachute, and marine diving duty according to AFI 48-123, Medical Examinations and Standards. (For more information, visit our Medical Eligibility Page.)
- Meet general Air Force enlistment requirements, outlined in Air Force Instruction 36-2002.
- Special Warfare Prep– JBSA-Lackland, TX (8 weeks)
- Special Warfare Assessment & Selection (A&S)– JBSA-Lackland, TX (4 weeks)
- Special Warfare Pre-Dive– JBSA-Lackland, TX (4 weeks)
- Air Force Dive School– Naval Support Activity, Panama City, FL (8 weeks)
- Underwater Egress– Fairchild AFB, WA (1 day)
- Air Force Survival School– Fairchild AFB, WA (2.5 weeks)
- Airborne School– Fort Benning, GA (3 weeks)
- Freefall School– Yuma Proving Ground, AZ (4 weeks)
- PJ Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-Basic Course– Kirtland AFB, NM (7 weeks)
- PJ Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-Paramedic Course– Kirtland AFB, NM (31 weeks)
- Pararescue Apprentice Course (24 weeks)
Pararescue Ops Videos
For more information on Pararescue, check out the AFSPECWAR Forums
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